By Rachel Pomerantz
Rachel Pomerantz is a sophomore at the University of Pennsylvania studying mathematical economics.
For anyone who grew up learning about the legislative process through the Schoolhouse Rock! song “I’m Just a Bill,” it might seem that contention over whether certain policies should be implemented and how they should be enforced in American society ends with the president’s decision to sign or veto the bill (save for the possible veto override vote or legal action in court). However, the action has just begun once a bill becomes a law. Though little understood, the current way in which regulatory processes are created in effect disincentivizes citizen participation while favoring interest groups that do not represent the general population.
First, a primer on what happens after a bill becomes a law: Agencies will initially submit an“Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking” and a “Notice of Proposed Rulemaking,” which are then open to the public to comment upon for a specified amount of time.  Then, the agency will decide on the rules they wish to implement. The Office of the Federal Register (OFR) dictates what factors and interests an agency may consider in creating a rule.