By Filzah Belal
Filzah Belal is a final year undergraduate law student at National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam.
Tort law stands on three basic components – a wrongful act or omission, damage to someone else, and a remedy for the damage that occurred. When applied to the tort of negligence, these components point towards the importance of identifying who is at fault. In other words, tort law aims to establish ‘fault-based liability’ wherein the party at fault for damage to another due to wrongful act or omission pays damage. However, tort law also includes a concept of no-fault liability, especially through strict liability and absolute liability. This means that even if one had not committed the wrongful act or omission themselves, they could be held liable.