On August 12, 2013, United States District Court Judge Shira A. Scheindlin ruled against the City of New York in the case Floyd, et al. v. City of New York, et al. The case was a class action lawsuit filed against the City of New York, the New York City Police Department, former mayor Michael Bloomberg, and police commissioner Ray Kelly, and others. The suit is challenged the city’s highly controversial stop-and-frisk policy on the grounds that it violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the US Constitution and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Plaintiffs alleged that the policy resulted in unconstitutional and discriminatory stops and frisks made on the basis of race.
The 198 page opinion published by Judge Scheindlin found that the NYPD was liable for a pattern of practice of racial profiling. Judge Scheindlin wrote: “In conclusion, I find that the City is liable for violating plaintiffs’ Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment rights. The City acted with deliberate indifference toward the NYPD’s practice of making unconstitutional stops and conducting unconstitutional frisks…In addition, the City adopted a policy of indirect racial profiling by targeting racially defined groups for stops based on local crime suspect data. This has resulted in the disproportionate and discriminatory stopping of blacks and Hispanics in violation of the Equal Protection Clause.”